Justice יולי נודלמן Juli Nudelmann
  www.julinudelmann.com
יולי נודלמן-צדק לכל Закон
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This paper focuses on studying the consequences the Jews Catastrophe in 1933-1945, named later on the Holocaust. The State of Israel is a kind of a macroscopic “laboratory” for in-depth studying remote social-psychological consequences of the world wars and catastrophes the most terrible of which was the Holocaust – purposeful Jewish genocide

Theses of Talk Forth Pan-Asian Congress, May, 18-20, 2007, Russia, Yekaterinburg Post-Holocaust Syndrome Phenomena in Four Generations in three Formations Tatiana Cherkasova, M.Sc., fellow of the Russian PPL, fellow of IAPP, fellow of FIPP, Member of the Israeli Communication and Periodical Journalist Association. Doctor Juli Nudelmann, M.D., FICS, Hon. Ass. Prof. Wm.M.Sch. (1980), corresponding member of IAPP, fellow of IAPP, member of the Board and Administration of the Israeli Communication and Periodical Journalist Association. This paper focuses on studying the consequences the Jews Catastrophe in 1933-1945, named later on the Holocaust. The State of Israel is a kind of a macroscopic “laboratory” for in-depth studying remote social-psychological consequences of the world wars and catastrophes the most terrible of which was the Holocaust – purposeful Jewish genocide. The very State of Israel and society in this state and the development of individuals in Israeli society should be looked at first and foremost through the perspective of the impact of the Holocaust on the emergence of all three interrelated social-political formations: state, society, individual. The state, society in its entirety and every single individual living currently in the country including seven million people, in addition to three million who left during its existence – all these three formations have been developing and changing mainly under influence of the Holocaust. This paper relies upon materials of several decades of observing social-psychological impacts of the Holocaust on the establishment and development of the State of Israel itself and its society. We looked into the effect of the Holocaust on the emergence of a homogenous structure of the global Jewish Diaspora closely tied with Israel and affecting the global politics. No doubt, the Holocaust speeded up the establishment of the State of Israel serving as a stimulator and catalyst of the accelerated by UN decision making with respect to the establishment of the state. For the 59 years of its existence, the State of Israel underwent a few phases of official attitude to the Holocaust on the part of the official Israeli authorities. First, the state’s policy was to try to mention the Holocaust as rarely as possible as it was perceived as a sign of weakness of Jews, though the Holocaust was successfully used for obtaining a resolution on establishing the state. At that time the Jewish Palestinian population’s representative mentioned from the UN stand the phrase about "six million" deaths, though there was no statistics about the number of those exterminated. Following the establishment of the state its leaders did not want the horrors of the Holocaust to impact the upbringing and psychology of the young generations. The Holocaust was perceived by them, who weren't passed themselves the Catastrophe, as something shameful, a weakness of those who died; many were ashamed of those who died without fighting back. The second phase of the state attitude to the Holocaust came in several years when the leaders of the country demanded that the new Germany pay compensations for those murdered in the Holocaust. Then a dispute arose in Israeli society nearly breaking in half this new state: “Is it moral to take money for the blood of those murdered by the Nazi murderers?". Yet, the State took the money. The third phase of the attitude to the Holocaust came after receipt of the compensation. There came a period of collecting of memories about the Holocaust, setting up museums and taking advantage of the memory of the victims for increasing the influence on Jews scattered around the world and mainly on the American ones and through them on the US administration in order to receive subsidies, weapons, political support and renascence of Zionism World Movement. At that time began an intensive search for heroic events of the Holocaust. Nazi military criminal Adolph Eichmann was kidnapped in Argentina, tried and executed in Israel. An era of the glorification of the Holocaust heroism began. Entire society in the country was developing under influence of changes in the State’s official policy – first denial and then worship of the Holocaust. Hundreds and thousands of Holocaust survivors immigrated to Israel, yet they did not receive any special respect or compassion in society. Many of them felt shame (for staying alive while others died or perhaps for their conduct in the death camps), loneliness, isolation, desire to build their lives anew, at times at any cost, aspiration to hide their past, adapt as quickly as possible. This generation bore selfishness, greed, skepticism about humanity, depression, hatred towards the past, stings of conscience, feelings of fear, nightmares. After the worship of the Holocaust heroism emerged, many of the survivors felt a desire to tell about their suffering and call for vengeance (which was apparent in the Ivan Domyanyuk Jerusalem trial in the late eighties), while others felt a desire to come to terms with the past. More and more people began to take advantage of their suffering, their stories were embellished by made up memories of their own heroism. The second generation of the country emerging with first children or born in the country bore all the legacy of the overt and covert feelings of their fathers and grandfathers. This second generation learned to skillfully manipulate the Holocaust suffering and tragedy. Precisely then, the second generation developed neurosis, hysteria, showed indifference to others and acted as if they were allowed to do anything. However, the third generation of people born in Israel was nearly indifferent to the Holocaust tragedy. It still sent its children, the fourth generations, today’s youngsters, high school students, to obligatory tours in Auschwitz within the school curriculum, yet it tried to disconnect for the issue of the Holocaust. Today’s, the forth generation perceives its trips to Auschwitz as a kind of entertainment – they smoke narcotic, drink, go out and fight with the locals. The State’s worship of the Holocaust supported by society led to bringing up a generation which wishes to “turn the page” and stop talking about the Holocaust, yet, on the other hand, some youngsters have developed cruelty, the feeling of a“superhuman”. There emerged a subconscious, instinctive desire to treat the Palestinian Arabs in the way the Nazis treated their ancestors. Thus, the conflicting memories about the Holocaust carefully fed by the State and protected by society, in a boomerang-like way hit the third/fourth generations which paradoxically developed xenophobia, racism, nationalism. The hyperbolized attitude to the Holocaust was useful for planting and growing guilt in Jews outside Israel. It was managed to impregnate them with the sense of collective solidarity with Israel, individual guilt towards Israeli society, personal responsibility for it. This paper analyzes and explains the abovementioned social-psychological problems as well as attempts to develop recommendations to solve them. Specifically, the legacy of the Israeli population’s post-Holocaust psychology is looked at as one of the causes to such a prolonged and bloody Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Some conclusion of this work: of course, it is necessary to sacredly preserve the memory of the war victims and to do everything possible so the tragedies never recur, yet refrain to make a fetish of them, to take advantage and speculate of them, misrepresent the historical facts, otherwise the nation becomes sick, the State destroyed and the personality ruined.

 
 
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